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Call for Papers: Enduring Engineering

WORKING TITLE: Enduring Engineering: integrating new knowledge with old.

Structured Abstract due August 14 2020

 Editors: Cat Kutay; Tyson Yunkaporta; Elyssebeth Leigh; Kaya Prpic

Book Outline: 

This book will bring together the most recent thinking and practices incorporating engineering knowledge from the original Australian civilisations into modern practices of engineering with examples of similar experiences overseas.

Chapters will include lessons learned from successful integration of Indigenous knowledges and practices in specific contexts. Also it will include lessons learned from less successful attempts at integration, to advise educators and researchers interested in engaging in this process.

Engineering, as a discipline, has long been considered a marker of the value of a civilisation. Traditional societies choose engineering practices that more closely align social practices with natural conditions. While this differs markedly from civilisations that focused on controlling the environment it is evident that the engineering knowledge in both sets of practices are becoming more aligned as western methods realise the effect of the aspects they are missing in their training.

This book is to bring these knowledges together from practitioners and academics to enable a sustainable future with knowledge taught in an appropriate way that respects the approach of the culture that developed it.

Submission are to be posted to  EnduringEngineeringCFP@gmail.com by August 14 2020

Call for Chapters:

You are invited to consider contributing to an original book on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Australian Engineering as a resource for educators and students to engage with Indigenous knowledge as part of developing 21st century engineering competencies. In regard to submissions on overseas examples, we are interested in those that show similar emphasis on sustainable technology and community engagement. 

Engineering education in Australia is being reshaped to include Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander knowledges in a way that benefits both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Aboriginal communities, to: 

  • improve the development of technology appropriate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities
  • understand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander engineering as a contribution to present engineering knowledge and
  • redesign university engineering to include Indigenous engineering and approaches to knowledge and technology

Your contribution may be in the form of 

  • An historical report providing technically detailed examples linking contemporary innovation to uses of Indigenous approaches to knowledge, 
  • Descriptions of Indigenous processes as you incorporate them into your teaching. 
  • Reports of overseas applications of Indigenous engineering principles as an extension to the work, either as a separate chapter or as a section of your work.

The book will provide case studies and examples to support incorporation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island engineering knowledge into the general array of engineering practices and knowledge written in collaboration with Indigenous community members. We will also work with the Australasian Association of Engineering Education to share best practices in this area and develop usable teaching and research resources. 

The editors are from a range of disciplines and bring different knowledges and teaching approaches to Indigenous engineering, focusing on experiential forms to support Indigenous Knowledge sharing. We hope to include examples from both historical technical practises used by various Indigenous societies, current teaching approaches linking Indigenous and non-Indigenous engineers and innovative research arising from Indigenous design methods. The main focus is on Australia and the Torres Strait practices and knowledge, but also know of many examples from overseas which students will relate to and all submission on these themes will be included as expansion of the topics listed in the draft book index below.

The practice of teaching cross-cultural knowledge takes many different forms and the book will include contributions from many practitioners to ensure that all disciplines of engineering and all teaching approaches at university can find inspiration to link to sustainable and holistic knowledge sharing approaches of our Indigenous ancestors and colleagues.

Submission requirements:

Authors 

We request that each chapter has at least one Indigenous author to ensure the material is written in a way that is relevant to at least one local community and incorporates relevant Indigenous techniques of knowledge sharing.

Themes

The book will include a range of themes relating to engineering practices and knowledge sharing in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and other Indigenous contexts. 

For chapters with a specific focus on teaching practice we ask authors to briefly explain the mode/s of learning you are using in your teaching practice and – as far as possible – to frame your chapter in that style.

Digging Deeper

Each chapter will need to include a section on ‘digging deeper’ to provide readers with references and ideas that go beyond the core ideas and material covered, and provide scope for encouraging original research projects by readers in their own communities and/or relate to international Indigenous work in the relevant thematic area.

Web content

All accepted chapters will provide a short article, images and geo-location (e.g. a google map point) suitable for the accompanying website http://indigenousengineering.org.au/ and contribute materials for an app that will include a summary of your project/engineering artefact/process. 

The location you choose for this purpose will depend on the community, it may be the location of the artefact, or of the place where you work (this will be the default) which may be where your project is taught. The editors will be able to help with this aspect of the project once your work is accepted for the book.

Submission process

We are seeking chapter abstracts in the first round using the structured format below.. 

Submission are to be posted to  EnduringEngineeringCFP@gmail.com by August 14 2020

We will send out notifications by September 25 2020 on those selected for full submissions with feedback on where we see your work fitting into the book. Full submissions will be peer reviewed (see Draft Table of Content below).

Structured Abstract Format: Download here

Draft Table of Contents

Introduction – purpose – why we are writing this and who will it benefit

Indigenous Engineering as a resource – A positive approach to Indigenous engagement

Part 1 History of Engineering Approaches – both technology and processes

Likely to be arranged into engineering disciplines however we assume the content will also provide relationships across disciplines so that readers can understand the complexity and interrelationships among disciplines. Where possible we would like to follow a chapter on Australian experience with a chapter on an overseas example for students from different regions, or have a chapter covering both.

Part 2 Programs developed in teaching and research (Australia and overseas):

  1. Developments for training academics 
  2. Research using Indigneous perspectives eg sustainable biomimicry 
  3. Courses for students’ education in particular disciplines
  4. General community requested projects (not fitting above)

Part 3 Programs with/within community – pros and cons (Australia and overseas)

  1. Appropriate technology 
  2. Engineers without Borders 
  3. Pro-bono work in/with industry
  4. Community education and policy initiatives – how to engage community in authentic work

Indigenous Science

For engineering, science is always the foundation of our work, either as an explanation of what we develop, or as the impetus for us to investigate a new concept to its application.

The area of Indigenous Science is a rich area of research, as it involves talking to different people around the country to present what their knowledge was about fire stick burning, medicine, tool making and resins.

See https://indigenousx.com.au/indigenous-science-goes-far-beyond-boomerangs-and-spears/

Engineers Without Borders

EWB is running projects on country this year. UTS in partnership with EWB are developing material for preparing first year students to engage in a co-creation process with communities to design appropriate technology for the Cape York Peninsula with the Centre for Appropriate Technology

Cultural information is available through the challenge and other projects

Join the Challenge here https://ewbchallenge.org/user/register

Or engage in one of their technical or research projects for later years https://ewbchallenge.org/

Projects by topic

Engineering Disciplines Key Concepts Web links and Resource Sites Story Resources
Aerospace and aviation Design and operation of aircraft, propulsion systems, efficiency, spend and strength http://www.alpha-port.com/nesdesigncontest/pdfs/GreatBoomerangChallengeOverview.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boomerang

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woomera_%28spear-thrower%29

http://www.roninfilms.com.au/feature/10738/western-desert-woomera-fashioned-with-stone.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Unaipon

Acoustics How sound generated and propagated http://newt.phys.unsw.edu.au/jw/didjeridu.html Ben Lange Ausgrid Engineer.
Email: blange at ausgrid.com.au

Environmental

Preparation for growing foods,

harvesting, preserving

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portulaca_oleracea

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/rethinking-indigenous-australias-agricultural-past/5452454

Bruce Pascoe Bruce.Pascoe at uts.edu.au
Biomedical http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia_tetragonophylla

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/rethinking-indigenous-australias-agricultural-past/5452454

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00156229

Construction Material and construction techniques http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-indigenous-architecture

http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/land/aboriginal-houses#toc1

http://www.aboriginalculture.com.au/housing.shtml

Chemical engineering Convert raw materials into useable products http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinifex_resin

http://ecology.uq.edu.au/content/spinifex-project

Civil Physical infrastructures urban/living environments https://www.australianarchaeologicalassociation.com.au/journal/review-of-gunyah-goondie-and-wurley/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_architecture

http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-indigenous-architecture

Aboriginal Housing Coop

Lani at ahc.org.au

Electrical Electrical energy generation and usage At the time of European arrival in Australia there was also no electrical engineering in Europe

Electrical flow can link to water and the way the communiites lieve off the life blood of the river

Phil Duncan Cultural Advisor Macquarie University

phil.duncan at mq.edu.au

Network engineering Protocols for linking knowledge packets

Networking and governance structures in Aboriginal society suggest a more trusted networking system

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songline

http://dl.nfsa.gov.au/module/1566/

https://japingkaaboriginalart.com/articles/songlines-important-aboriginal-art/

http://www.naidoc.org.au/2016-national-naidoc-theme-announced

Bruce Pascoe?

Bruce.Pascoe at uts.edu.au

Telecommunications Communication Message sticks Michael West
Mechanical Force and energy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woomera_%28spear-thrower%29

http://www.roninfilms.com.au/feature/10738/western-desert-woomera-fashioned-with-stone.html

also http://www.jaunay.com/unaipon.html

Mining Extraction http://www.environment.gov.au/node/19708
Materials Strength and other features, production
Naval architecture Construction and propulsion http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aboriginal_Dugout_Canoes

http://australianmuseum.net.au/Building-a-canoe-noe-nowey/

http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2010/08/aboriginal-traditional-canoe-recreated/

Water and waste management

Aquaculture

Physical, chemical, and biological treatment of water http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national/brewarrina

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewarrina,_New_South_Wales

http://www.environment.gov.au/indigenous/ipa/declared/lake-condah.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budj_Bim

Bradley Moggridge ANU Hydro Geologist

bradley.moggridge at anu.edu.au

Phil Duncan Cultural Advisor Macquarie University Water management and fisheries

phil.duncan at mq.edu.au

Project Management Sustainability  Every project should involve students across disciplines so that the understanding of how component parts link can be assessed.

The way that we consult and work in teams is crucial for the future success of designs

Ben Lange Ausgrid Engineer.
Email: blange at ausgrid.com.au

Phil Duncan Cultural Advisor Macquarie University Water management and fisheries

phil.duncan at mq.edu.au

Information Technology Teaching knowledge http:://www.Indigital.net.au

Use of technology to link video and other material to art works to augment behind material and the providence and artist’s  story

Mikaela Jade  mik at indigital.net.au
Computer Engineering Programming Languages, whether computing or human, are ways of communicating in that culture Terrie Lowe Bundjalung speaker and teacher

terrie.lowe at muurrbay.org.au

Continue reading

Fish traps

There are a wide variety of fish traps around Australia, the Gunditjatmara eel traps at Budj Bim, the Brewarrina Fish traps of the The town is located amid the traditional lands of the Ngemba, Muruwari and Yualwarri peoples and many up the coast of north eastern australia, as shown in this paper

Aligning Western and Aboriginal knowledges

Using existing resources we will provide specific physical examples of Aboriginal engineering that highlight the cultural influence on engineering. These examples will be linked to communities engaged with this engineering still, in some form.

Together these resources will provide a way for teachers and community to learn about this knowledge in a practical environment. It will also provide an in depth knowledge of the different approaches to engineering and engineering thinking that reflect the sustainable and holistic approach of Aboriginal cultures, as well as assist people to learn in an environment that emulates as much as possible the Aboriginal techniques of knowledge sharing.

Learning the knowledge involved learning the culture that surrounds that knowledge, as these two aspects are not separable. This is in itself a lesson in the foundations of sustainability.

Engineering Disciplines Key Concepts Web links and Resource Sites
Aerospace and aviation Design and operation of aircraft, propulsion systems, efficiency, spend and strength http://www.alpha-port.com/nesdesigncontest/pdfs/GreatBoomerangChallengeOverview.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boomerang

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woomera_%28spear-thrower%29

http://www.roninfilms.com.au/feature/10738/western-desert-woomera-fashioned-with-stone.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Unaipon

 

Acoustics How sound generated and propogated http://newt.phys.unsw.edu.au/jw/didjeridu.html
 

Environmental

Preparation of land for growing foods,

harvesting, preserving,

ecosystems

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portulaca_oleracea

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/rethinking-indigenous-australias-agricultural-past/5452454

http://hsc.csu.edu.au/agriculture/production/aboriginal_land/aborigl.html

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00156229

Biomedical http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia_tetragonophylla

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/rethinking-indigenous-australias-agricultural-past/5452454

Construction Material and construction techniques http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-indigenous-architecture

http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/land/aboriginal-houses#toc1

http://www.aboriginalculture.com.au/housing.shtml

Chemical engineering Convert raw materials into useable products http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinifex_resin

http://ecology.uq.edu.au/content/spinifex-project

Civil Physical infrastructures urban/living environments https://www.australianarchaeologicalassociation.com.au/journal/review-of-gunyah-goondie-and-wurley/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_architecture

http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-indigenous-architecture

Electrical Electrical energy generation and usage At the time of European arrival in Australia there was also no electrical engineering in Europe
Network engineering Protocols for linking knowledge packets https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songline

http://dl.nfsa.gov.au/module/1566/

https://japingkaaboriginalart.com/articles/songlines-important-aboriginal-art/

http://www.naidoc.org.au/2016-national-naidoc-theme-announced

Telecommunications Communication
Mechanical Force and energy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woomera_%28spear-thrower%29

http://www.roninfilms.com.au/feature/10738/western-desert-woomera-fashioned-with-stone.html

also http://www.jaunay.com/unaipon.html

Mining Extraction http://www.environment.gov.au/node/19708
Materials Strength and other features, production
Naval architecture Construction and propulsion http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aboriginal_Dugout_Canoes

http://australianmuseum.net.au/Building-a-canoe-noe-nowey/

http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2010/08/aboriginal-traditional-canoe-recreated/

Water and waste management

Aquaculture

Physical, chemical, and biological treatment of water http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national/brewarrina

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewarrina,_New_South_Wales

http://www.environment.gov.au/indigenous/ipa/declared/lake-condah.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budj_Bim

Project Management Sustainability
Information Technology Teaching knowledge

Economic enablers

What are the enablers of economic participation in remote and very remote Australia, and how can we identify them?

Eva McRaeWilliarns, John Guenlher, Damien Jacobsen & Judith LoveII

Abstract

In this paper we discuss some of the key learnings from the Cooperative Research Centre for Remote Economic Participation (CRC REP), Remote Economic Participation, Pathways to Employment and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Tourism Product research projects.

While we do not deny the importance of global markets for remote Australians, we see value in opportunity structures that move beyond the confines of traditional economic and human capital theories. It is through acknowledging and building on local residents’ social, identity, cultural and natural capital strengths that, we argue, has a greater potential for supporting increased economic engagement and sustainable participation. Framing our learnings through a theoretical lens of different forms of capital we argue a shift in discourse from one of ‘disadvantage’ to one of remote advantage would be more supportive of education, employment and enterprise outcomes for local Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander residents. While such a shift will not contribute significantly to the Gross National Product we argue that it would have important tangible and economic benefits for local people and the nation.